Pawhuska is located in central Osage County and is the county’s seat and largest community. The town began in 1872 when Osage Agent Isaac T. Gibson established the Osage Agency on Bird Creek in what was then, Indian Territory. The settlement was named in honor of Pa-hu-scah (White Hair), a chief of the Osage Tribe. The Indian Herald, the village’s first newspaper, was started in 1875, and the Pawhuska post office opened in 1876. America’s first Boy Scout troop was organized at Pawhuska in 1909. Pawhuska is the Capital of the Osage Nation and is home to the Osage Nation Museum which is the oldest tribally owned and operated museum in the United States. Annual community events are the Ben Johnson Memorial Steer Roping and the International Round-up club’s Cavalcade, the world’s largest amateur rodeo.